Some studies indicate that, on average, Cannabis Sativa has higher levels of CBD compared to Cannabis Indica, however large variability exists within either species. There is an increasing discussion whether the existing paradigm of the difference between species adequately represents the variability found within the Cannabis genus.
There are five chemotaxonomic types of Cannabis:
- one with high levels of THC
- one which is more fibrous and has higher levels of CBD
- one that is an intermediate between the two
- one with high levels of cannabigerol (CBG)
- and the last one almost without cannabinoids
Cannabis strains with relatively high CBD:THC ratios are less likely to induce anxiety than vice versa. This may be due to CBD’s antagonistic effects at the cannabinoid receptors, compared to THC’s partial agonist effect. CBD is also a 5-HT1A receptor (serotonin) agonist, which may also contribute to an anxiolytic-content effect.
The effects of Sativa are well known for its cerebral high, while Indica is well known for its sedative effects which some prefer for night time use. Both are used as medicinal cannabis. Indica plants are normally shorter and stockier than Sativas. They have broader, deeply serrated leaves and a compact and dense flower cluster.
#Common uses Industrial and personal uses of Cannabis, Cannabis, and Hemp